Blessings and Wisdom- Kutadghu Bilig/Kut Belgisi Bilig in Uyghur Language
(The Wisdom which brings Happiness in literal translation from Uyghur)
Blessings and Wisdom (Kutadgu Bilig/ Kut Belgisi Bilig) is a classic Uyghur literary masterpiece on the philosophy of life and how to administer a country written by the famous poet Yusuf Khass Hajib (1018-1080) in the 11th century, or more precisely from 1069 to 1070. It contains 85 chapters in 13,290 lines. The epic is also known as the Wisdom of Royal Glory or . Today there are three known copies.
1. The copy in Vienna: (in the ancient Uyghur language) was found in 1439 and donated to the National Library of Vienna.
2. The copy in Cairo: (in Arabic alphabet) was found in Cairo in 1896.
3. The copy in Nemengan: (in Arabic alphabet) was found in Nemengan, Uzbekistan.
The epic is based on four abstract principles, each of which is represented by one of the four major characters: Rising Sun (King, representing the concept of Justice), Full Moon (vizier, representing Fortune), Highly Praised (sage, representing Intellect or Wisdom), and Wide Awake (ascetic, representing Man's Last End). These are also the four basic concepts in Blessings and Wisdom.
Each concept is represented by a person and opinions on such issues as the State, politics, society, professions and ethics are expressed during dialogues among these people.
Blessings and Wisdom includes numerous concepts besides the four basic concepts mentioned above, such as Biliglik (wisdom), Kutluluk (happiness), Konilik (rightness, justice), Erdem (virtue), Edgu (kindness, doing favors), Asiglig (helpfulness), love, loyalty, generosity, bravery, patience and modesty are classified as ethically positive concepts, whereas lying, hastiness, ignorance, meanness and greed are listed as negative ethical concepts.
Blessings and Wisdom of Yusuf Khass Hajib is the first great literature masterpiece written in the ancient Uyghur Turkic language. The work, more or less affected by Arabian and Persian literature, began in ancient rhythms and in the style of Uyghur poetry. The epic, with profound ideology, elegant sentence forms, precise rhythms, and adept artistic style, is the first literature monument in the history of the ancient Uyghur culture.
Yusuf Khass Hajib was born in 1082, and died in Kashgar in 1091. He composed the epic of Blessings and Wisdom in present-day Kashgar in Eastern turkistan.
Not the plot or form of the book but the content of dialogues determine the importance of Blessings and Wisdom.
the complete work in the modern Uyghur language was p[ublished in May 1984. The beginning of 1989 also, witnessed the establishment of the Research Academy of Blessings and Wisdom in Kashigar, the birthplace of the epic.